Location and Habitat
Like horses, the majority of Dromedary Camels have Diet
been domesticated for their many uses. They thrive in
arid climates, and are found in the Arabian Peninsula and
other parts of the Middle East, the Sahara Desert, and
parts of India. A wild population has also been
introduced to Australia.
Dromedary camels are opportunistic herbivores that will
eat virtually any vegetation that can be found in the
desert. This wide range of food allows them to eat plants
that other animals will not eat, including thorny plants.
Size and Description
Dromedary Camels range from about 1000 pounds to
1500 pounds, making them approximately the same size
as large horses. They measure 6 - 6.5 feet at shoulder
height, and can approach 10 feet in height at its hump.
One of the most notable features of the Dromedary
Camel is its single hump. Its close relative, the Bactrian
Camel, has two humps. The hump is used to store fatty
tissue, which the camel uses as a food and water source
when food and water are not available. The neck of a
camel is long and curved. The eyelids of a camel are
heavily lashed to help protect its eyes from blowing sand
in the desert. Camels have thick lips to aid them in
eating thorny plants. Camels have large bodies and
woolly coats. The hair of the Dromedary Camel is
generally shorter than that of Bactrian Camels.
The pregnancy period of a female Dromedary camel is
approximately 12 - 13 months. They will most often have
one calf but can have two or more.